Cognitive Remediation Therapy: 13 Best Exercises & Worksheets (2023)

Cognitive Remediation Therapy: 13 Best Exercises & Worksheets (1)People experiencing mental health issues often have thinking and memory problems.

This can result in concentration, organizational, and planning difficulties that impact their quality of life and independent living.

Cognitive Remediation Therapy (CRT) helps by increasing awareness of intellectual difficulties and improving thinking skills. While originally designed for people with thinking problems associated with schizophrenia, it has also proven successful for those with other diagnoses (Bristol Mental Health, n.d.).

CRT works by encouraging a range of exercises and activities that challenge memory, flexible thinking, planning, and concentration problems.

This article explores CRT and its potential to help clients and includes techniques, activities, and worksheets to build effective therapy sessions.

Before you continue, we thought you might like to download our three Goal Achievement Exercises for free. These detailed, science-based exercises will help you or your clients create actionable rehabilitation goals and master techniques to create lasting behavior change.

This Article Contains:

  • What Is Cognitive Remediation Therapy (CRT)?
  • How Does Cognitive Remediation Work?
  • 8 Techniques for Your Sessions
  • 6 Helpful Worksheets and Manuals
  • Implementing Online CRT Programs
  • 3 Best Software Programs for Helping Your Clients
  • A Take-Home Message
  • References

What Is Cognitive Remediation Therapy (CRT)?

“Cognitive remediation is a behavioral treatment for people who are experiencing cognitive impairments that interfere with daily functioning” (Medalia, Revheim, & Herlands, 2009, p. 1).

Successful cognitive functions, including memory, attention, visual-spatial analysis, and abstract reasoning, are vital for engaging with tasks, the environment, and healthy relationships.

CRT improves cognitive processing and psychosocial functioning through behavioral training and increasing individual confidence in people with mental health disorders (Corbo & Abreu, 2018). Training interventions focus on the skills and supports required to “improve the success and satisfaction people experience in their chosen living, learning, working, and social environments” (Medalia et al., 2009, p. 2).

Exercises typically focus on specific cognitive functions, where tasks are repeated (often on a computer) at increasing degrees of difficulty. For example:

  • Paying attention
  • Remembering
  • Being organized
  • Planning skills
  • Problem-solving
  • Processing information

Based on the principles of errorless learning and targeted reinforcement exercises, interventions involve memory, motor dexterity, and visual reading tasks. Along with improving confidence in personal abilities, repetition encourages thinking about solving tasks in multiple ways (Corbo & Abreu, 2018).

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While initially targeted for patients with schizophrenia, CRT is an effective treatment for other mental health conditions, including mood and eating disorders (Corbo & Abreu, 2018).

CRT is particularly effective when the cognitive skills and support interventions reflect the individual’s self-selected rehabilitation goals. As a result, cognitive remediation relies on collaboration, assessing client needs, and identifying appropriate opportunities for intervention (Medalia et al., 2009).

Cognitive remediation vs cognitive rehabilitation

CRT is one of several skill-training psychiatric rehabilitation interventions. And yet, cognitive remediation is not the same as cognitive rehabilitation (Tchanturia, 2015).

Cognitive rehabilitation typically targets neurocognitive processes damaged because of injury or illness and involves a series of interventions designed to retrain previously learned cognitive skills along with compensatory strategies (Tsaousides & Gordon, 2009).

How Does Cognitive Remediation Work?

Cognitive Remediation Therapy: 13 Best Exercises & Worksheets (2)CRT sessions are typically one-to-one or group therapist-led sessions using pen and paper, specialist computer software, or online programs and tools.

While initially done in person, they can subsequently be performed remotely as required (Corbo & Abreu, 2018; Bristol Mental Health, n.d.).

Well-thought-out educational software provides multisensory feedback and positive reinforcement while supporting success, choice, and control of the learning process. Its design can target either specific cognitive functions or non-specific learning skills and mechanisms (Medalia et al., 2009).

CRT successfully uses the brain’s neuroplasticity and is often more effective in younger age groups who haven’t experienced the effects of long-term psychosis. It works by increasing activation and connectivity patterns within and across several brain regions involved in working memory and high-order executive functioning (Corbo & Abreu, 2018).

The Neuropsychological Educational Approach to Cognitive Remediation (NEAR) is one of several approaches that provide highly individualized learning opportunities. It allows each client to proceed at their own pace on tasks selected and designed to engage them and address their cognitive needs (Medalia et al., 2009).

NEAR and other CRT techniques are influenced by learning theory and make use of the following (Medalia et al., 2009):

  • Errorless learning
    Encouraging the client to learn progressively, creating a positive experience without relying on trial and error.
  • Shaping and positive feedback
    Reinforcing behaviors that approximate target behaviors (such as good timekeeping) and offering rewards (for example, monthly certificates for attendance).
  • Prompting
    Using open-ended questions that guide the client toward the correct response.
  • Modeling
    Demonstrating how to solve a problem.
  • Generalizing
    Learning how to generalize learned skills to other situations.
  • Bridging
    Understanding how to apply skills learned inside a session outsidein everyday life.

Encouraging intrinsic motivation (doing the tasks for the satisfaction of doing them rather than for external rewards) and task engagement are also essential aspects of successful CRT programs (Medalia et al., 2009).

Therapy is most effective when it successfully supports clients as they transfer learning skills into the real world.

8 Techniques for Your Sessions

Cognitive remediation techniques must be selected according to the skills and needs of the client and typically fall into one of three major intervention categories (Medalia et al., 2009):

  • Strategy-based/compensatory approaches
    Used to acquire skills to overcome or modify the environment to avoid cognitive difficulties, for example:
    • Planning exercises, such as planning a trip to the beach to practice cognitive strategies
    • Cueing and sequencing, such as adding signs or placing reminder notes at home to encourage completing everyday tasks (for example, brushing teeth)

Such techniques rely on several key principles, including “(1) teaching new, efficient, information processing strategies; (2) aiding the transfer of cognitive gains to the real world; and (3) modifying the local environment” (Medalia et al., 2009, p. 5).

  • Restorative approaches
    Directly target cognitive deficits by repeating task practices and gradually increasing difficulty and complexity; along with regular feedback, they encourage accurate and high levels of performance.

Practice is often organized hierarchically, as follows:

    • Elementary aspects of sensory processing (for example, improving auditory processing speed and accuracy)
    • High-order memory and problem-solving skills (including executive functioning and verbal skills)

This technique assumes a degree of neuroplasticity that, with training, results in a greater degree of accuracy in sensory representations, improved cognitive strategies for grouping stimuli into more meaningful groups, and better recall.

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  • Social cognitive approaches
    Focus on removing or reducing cognitive deficits by adopting other people’s objectives and retraining biases, and can involve:
    • Repetition and reaching for increasing levels of task difficulty
    • Modeling other people’s positive behavior
    • Role-playto re-enact experienced or imagined behavior from different perspectives
    • Corrective feedback to improve and correct unwanted or unhelpful behavior

Complex social cognitive processes are typically broken down into elemental skills for repetitive practice, role-play, and corrective feedback.

7 Exercises, Activities, & Games

It is vital that activities within CRT are interesting and engaging for clients. They must foster the motivation required to persevere to the end of the task or game.

The following three games and puzzles are particularly valuable for children and adolescents (modified from Tchanturia, 2015):

1. SET

Cognitive Remediation Therapy: 13 Best Exercises & Worksheets (3)

SET is a widely available card game that practices matching based on color, shape, shading, etc.

Clients must shift their thinking to identify multiple ways of categorizing and grouping cards, then physically sort them based on their understanding.

It may be helpful to begin with a limited set of cards to reduce the likelihood of the clients becoming overwhelmed by the game or finding it less enjoyable.

2. Rush Hour

Cognitive Remediation Therapy: 13 Best Exercises & Worksheets (4)

Rush Hour is another fun game that balances problem-solving skills with speed.

Puzzles start simple and increase in complexity, with additional elements involved. Skills developed include problem-solving and abstract thinking, and the game requires a degree of perseverance.

3. Q-bitz

Cognitive Remediation Therapy: 13 Best Exercises & Worksheets (5)Q-bitz involves the completion of a puzzle made up of small wooden blocks that encourages manual dexterity and a variety of problem-solving approaches.

Other activities require no specialist equipment and yet can be highly engaging and support clients in learning transferable skills (modified from Tchanturia, 2015).

  1. Bigger picture thinking
    This involves the client picturing a shape in their minds or looking at one out of sight of the therapist. They then describe the shape (without naming it), while the therapist attempts to draw it according to the instructions. This practice is helpful with clients who get overwhelmed by detail and cannot see the bigger picture.
  2. Word searches
    Word searches encourage the client to focus on relevant information and ignore everything else – an essential factor in central coherence. Such puzzles also challenge memory, concentration, and attention.
  3. Last word response
    Last word response is a challenging verbal game promoting cognitive flexibility. The first player makes up and says a sentence out loud. Each subsequent player makes up a new sentence, starting with the last word of the previous player’s sentence. For example, ‘I like cheese’ may be followed by the next player saying, ‘Cheese is my favorite sandwich ingredient,’ etc.
  4. Dexterity
    Using your non-dominant hand once a week (for example, combing your hair or brushing your teeth) stimulates different parts of your brain, creating alternative patterns of neuron firing and strengthening cognitive functions.

6 Helpful Worksheets and Manuals

The following therapy worksheets help structure Cognitive Remediation Therapy sessions and ensure that the needs of clients are met using appropriately targeted CRT interventions (modified from Medalia et al., 2009; Medalia & Bowie, 2016):

Client referral to CRT

The Cognitive Remediation Therapy Referral Form captures valuable information when a client is referred from another agency or therapist so that the new therapist can identify and introduce the most appropriate CRT interventions. The form includes information such as:

Primary reasons

  • Paying attention
  • Remembering
  • Being organized
  • Planning skills
  • Problem-solving
  • Processing information

Secondary reasons

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  • Self-confidence
  • Working with others
  • Time management
  • Goal-directed activities

Cognitive Appraisal for CRT

The Cognitive Appraisal for CRT form is helpful for identifying and recording areas of cognitive processing that cause difficulty for the client and require focus during Cognitive Remediation Therapy sessions.

Clients are scored on their degree of difficulty with the following:

  • Paying attention during conversation
  • Maintaining concentration in meetings
  • Remembering
  • Completing tasks once started
  • Starting tasks
  • Planning and organizing tasks and projects
  • Reasoning and solving problems

Software Appraisal for CRT

The Software Appraisal for CRT form helps assess which software would be most helpful in a specific Cognitive Remediation Therapy session. It provides valuable input for tailoring treatment to the needs of the client.

For example:

  • Level of reading ability required
  • Cognitive deficits addressed by the software
  • What is the multimedia experience like?
  • How much input is required by the therapist?

Appraisal records become increasingly important as more software is acquired for clients with various cognitive deficits from multiple backgrounds.

Software Usage for CRT

The Software Usage for CRT form helps keep track of the software clients have tried and how effectively it supports them as they learn, develop, and overcome cognitive deficits.

The client considers the software they use and whether they practiced the following areas of cognition:

  • Problem-solving
  • Concentration
  • Processing speed
  • Planning
  • Multitasking
  • Logic and reasoning
  • Attention
  • Organization
  • Fast responses
  • Working memory
  • Memory

Thought Tracking During Cognitive Remediation Therapy

Thought Tracking During Cognitive Remediation Therapy is valuable for identifying and recording the client’s goals for that day’s Cognitive Remediation Therapy session and understanding how it relates to their overall treatment goals.

Planning to Meet Goals in CRT

The Planning to Meet Goals in CRT worksheet is for clients requiring support and practice in planning, goal-setting, and goal achievement.

Working with the client, answer the following prompts:

  • What goal or project are you working toward?
  • What date should it be completed by?
  • Are there any obstacles to overcome to complete the goal?
  • Are there any additional resources required?
  • Then consider the steps needed to achieve the goal.

Other free resources

Happy Neuron provides several other free resources that are available for download.

Implementing Online CRT Programs

Cognitive Remediation Therapy: 13 Best Exercises & Worksheets (6)Successful CRT relies on having a library of software catering to various skills and needs for a diverse population.

Consider the five Cs when selecting online CRT programs (modified from Medalia et al., 2009):

  • Cognitive – What target deficits are being addressed?
  • Client – What interests and level of functioning does the client have?
  • Computer – What computing requirements and compatibility factors need to be considered?
  • Context – Does the software use real-world or fantasy activities and environments? Are they age and cognitive ability appropriate?
  • Choice – Is the learner given choice and options to adapt the activity to their preferences?

Once you’ve ordered the software, give it a thorough review to understand when it is most appropriate to use and with whom.

For online CRT programs to be effective as teaching tools and activities, they should include the following features (modified from Medalia et al., 2009, p. 53):

  • Intrinsically motivating
  • Active use of information
  • Multisensory strategies
  • Frequent feedback
  • Control over the learning process
  • Positive reinforcement
  • Application of newly acquired skills in appropriate contexts
  • Errorless learning – challenging yet not frustrating

Therapists must become familiar with each program’s content and processes so that targeted deficits are fully understood and clients are engaged without confusion or risk of failure.


3 Best Software Programs for Helping Your Clients

A great deal of software “targets different skills and offers a variety of opportunities for contextualization and personalization” (Medalia et al., 2009, p. 43).

We focus on three suppliers of extensive CRT software resources below (recommended by Medalia et al., 2009).

1. Happy Neuron

Cognitive Remediation Therapy: 13 Best Exercises & Worksheets (7)Happy Neuron provides a wide variety of online brain training games and activities to stimulate cognitive functioning in the following areas:

  • Memory
  • Attention
  • Language
  • Reasoning
  • Visual-spatial

2. BrainHQ

Cognitive Remediation Therapy: 13 Best Exercises & Worksheets (8)BrainHQ has 29 exercises that combine to design your own program, or you can have a trainer create a personalized one.

When you’re performing well, the exercises become increasingly difficult.

The exercises are grouped into the following areas:

  • Attention
  • Brain speed
  • Memory
  • People skills
  • Navigation
  • Intelligence

3. Games for the Brain

Cognitive Remediation Therapy: 13 Best Exercises & Worksheets (9)Games for the Brain offers a selection of free games and activities involving pattern matching, problem-solving, and memory to train your thinking.

A Take-Home Message

Cognitive difficulties, such as challenges with paying attention, planning, remembering, and problem-solving, can further compound and exacerbate mental health issues

While initially created for schizophrenia, CRT is also valuable for other mental health problems, including eating and mood disorders. Treatments are effective in one-to-one and group sessions, and lessons can be transferred to the outside world, providing crucial gains for a client’s mental wellbeing and social interaction.

Through repeated and increasingly challenging skill-based interventions, CRT benefits cognitive functioning and provides confidence gains to its users. The treatment adheres to learning theory principles and targets specific brain processing areas such as motor dexterity, memory, and visual-spatial perception, along with higher-order functioning.

Involving clients in treatment choices increases the likelihood of ongoing perseverance, engagement, and motivation as activities repeat with increasing degrees of difficulty.

This article offers a valuable starting point for exploring CRT and its benefits, with several worksheets and forms to encourage effective treatment.

We hope you enjoyed reading this article. Don’t forget to download our three Goal Achievement Exercises for free.

  • Bristol Mental Health. (n.d.). Cognitive remediation therapy: Improving thinking skills. Retrieved December 15, 2021, from
  • Corbo, M., & Abreu, T. (2018). Cognitive remediation therapy: EFPT psychotherapy guidebook. Retrieved December 15, 2021, from
  • Medalia, A., & Bowie, C. R. (2016). Cognitive remediation to improve functional outcomes. Oxford University Press.
  • Medalia, A., Revheim, N., & Herlands, T. (2009). Cognitive remediation for psychological disorders: Therapist guide. Oxford University Press.
  • Tchanturia, K. (2015). Cognitive remediation therapy (CRT) for eating and weight disorders. Routledge.
  • Tsaousides, T., & Gordon, W. A. (2009). Cognitive rehabilitation following traumatic brain injury: Assessment to treatment. Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine: A Journal of Translational and Personalized Medicine, 76(2), 173-181.
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What is cognitive remediation program? ›

Cognitive remediation therapy (CRT), sometimes referred to as cognitive enhancement therapy, is a treatment method with the goal of helping an individual improve their memory, attention, organizational skills, and information processing.

How is cognitive remediation done? ›

Cognitive remediation refers to nonpharmacological methods of improving cognitive function in people with severe mental disorders. Cognitive remediation therapy (CRT) can be delivered via computerised programs, of varying length and complexity, or can be undertaken one-on-one by a trained clinician.

What is cognitive remediation therapy What are the mechanisms and for what conditions is it used for? ›

Cognitive Remediation Therapy (CRT) helps by increasing awareness of intellectual difficulties and improving thinking skills. While originally designed for people with thinking problems associated with schizophrenia, it has also proven successful for those with other diagnoses (Bristol Mental Health, n.d.).

Is cognitive remediation therapy the same as CBT? ›

An important difference between CBT and CR is that CBT teaches you to think your way through emotionally challenging problems, whereas CR helps improve the underlying neuropsychological functions that help you think, concentrate and learn.

How long does cognitive remediation therapy last? ›

Typically, most cognitive remediation therapy programs involve between three and six months of therapy. An analysis of 40 studies about cognitive remediation therapy revealed that the average length of treatment was 16 weeks.

Is cognitive remediation a psychotherapy? ›

Cognitive remediation therapy is a form of therapy that is used to improve cognitive functioning in people with cognitive impairment. Cognitive remediation therapy is mainly provided to people with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, depression, and other psychological disorders.

What is CRT in mental health? ›

Cognitive Remediation Therapy (CRT) is a method based on behavior training in order to sustainably and widely improve cognitive activities (attention, memory, executive function and so on).

Who does cognitive rehabilitation? ›

Many different healthcare professionals may use this type of therapy, including psychotherapists, speech-language pathologists (SLPs), physical therapists, neurofeedback practitioners, and occupational therapists. There are two different approaches to CRT: restorative and compensatory.

What does CRT mean in psychology? ›

Cognitive remediation therapy (CRT) is a set of techniques designed to teach 'thinking skills' and can be thought of as a form of cognitive rehabilitation. It involves training in a set of tasks designed to improve cognitive abilities and social functioning.

How can cognition improve autism? ›

10 Ideas for a Family Fresh Start: Improve Cognitive Skills
  1. Play Outside. Outdoor playtime has been shown as a particularly effective way to improve cognition in kids. ...
  2. Go on Field Trips. ...
  3. Put on Music. ...
  4. Learn Shapes and Colors. ...
  5. Ask a Lot of Questions. ...
  6. Encourage Help With Chores. ...
  7. Do Art Projects. ...
  8. Look in the Mirror.

What is social cognition training? ›

Social Cognitive Training (SCT) is a cost-effective, adaptable, evidence-based model that have been used for the intervention of social cognition in schizophrenia and autism related disorders (Turner-Brown et al., 2008; Kurtz and Richardson, 2011; Peyroux and Franck, 2014; Kurtz et al., 2016).

Does metacognitive therapy work? ›

Conclusions: Our findings indicate that MCT is an effective treatment for a range of psychological complaints. To date, strongest evidence exists for anxiety and depression. Current results suggest that MCT may be superior to other psychotherapies, including cognitive behavioral interventions.

What is psychoeducation in Counselling? ›

Psychoeducation combines the elements of cognitive-behavior therapy, group therapy, and education. The basic aim is to provide the patient and families knowledge about various facets of the illness and its treatment so that they can work together with mental health professionals for a better overall outcome.

What does electric shock therapy do? ›

Overview. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a procedure, done under general anesthesia, in which small electric currents are passed through the brain, intentionally triggering a brief seizure. ECT seems to cause changes in brain chemistry that can quickly reverse symptoms of certain mental health conditions.

What is Frith model of schizophrenia? ›

Frith's (1992) neuropsychological theory of schizophrenia posits a number of fundamental cognitive impairments underpinning the characteristic symptoms of this disorder. One of these is an impairment in the ability to correctly interpret and predict the mental states of other people, so-called theory of mind (ToM).

Who uses psychotherapy? ›

Psychotherapy can be helpful in treating most mental health problems, including: Anxiety disorders, such as obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), phobias, panic disorder or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) Mood disorders, such as depression or bipolar disorder.

Why do we need mental health resources? ›

Mental health services also reduce the risk of chronic diseases related to stress, anxiety and substance abuse. Most importantly, mental health services save lives, while improving the outlook for people who may feel hopeless and lost.

What are the 4 levels of cognitive rehabilitation? ›

The general process of cognitive rehabilitation includes evaluation, education, intervention and outcomes assessment. However, as in all areas of rehabilitation, cognitive rehabilitation is a dynamic and interactive process.

What are two approaches to cognitive rehabilitation? ›

[5] Studies have divided cognitive rehabilitation therapy into two components: Restorative and compensatory approach.

What happens in cognitive rehab? ›

Cognitive rehabilitation refers to a set of interventions that aim to improve a person's ability to perform cognitive tasks by retraining previously learned skills and teaching compensatory strategies.

What are the 5 principles of critical race theory? ›

The Five Tenets of CRT There are five major components or tenets of CRT: (1) the notion that racism is ordinary and not aberrational; (2) the idea of an interest convergence; (3) the social construction of race; (4) the idea of storytelling and counter-storytelling; and (5) the notion that whites have actually been ...

What are the three main tenets of critical race theory? ›

Interest convergence, differential racialization, intersectionality, and the voice of colour.

What is a CRT score? ›

ELA and Math CRTs are administered to students in grades 3 through 8. These tests measure whether your child is on track for college and career readiness and how well they understand the Nevada Academic Content Standards in ELA and Math.

What are the 8 cognitive skills? ›

The 8 Core Cognitive Capacities
  • Sustained Attention.
  • Response Inhibition.
  • Speed of Information Processing.
  • Cognitive Flexibility.
  • Multiple Simultaneous Attention.
  • Working Memory.
  • Category Formation.
  • Pattern Recognition.
Nov 26, 2020

What are the 9 cognitive skills? ›

Cognitive Skills
  • Sustained Attention. Allows a child to stay focused on a single task for long periods of time.
  • Selective Attention. ...
  • Divided Attention. ...
  • Long-Term Memory. ...
  • Working Memory. ...
  • Logic and Reasoning. ...
  • Auditory Processing. ...
  • Visual Processing.

What strategies parents can use to increase cognitive stimulation early on? ›

Although genetics plays a definite role, children are hugely impacted by their environment and the stimulation they receive from their parents.
How to Improve Cognitive Skills In a Child
  • Reading. ...
  • Talking. ...
  • Nursery Rhymes. ...
  • Thinking Games. ...
  • Creative Activities. ...
  • Problem-Solving Activities. ...
  • Puzzles. ...
  • Movement.

What are the four main processes of social cognition? ›

Four processes of social cognition are reviewed including: (1) cognitive architecture; (2) automaticity and control; (3) motivated reasoning; and (4) accessibility, frames, and expectations.

What are the two types of social cognition? ›

Introduction. Social cognition is the way in which individuals process, remember, and use information in social contexts to explain and predict how people behave (Fiske and Taylor, 2013). In the current study, two aspects of social cognition were examined: Theory of Mind (ToM) and Emotion Understanding (EU).

What are the three core domains of social cognition and social skills? ›

For explanatory purposes, the complexity of social cognition will be addressed in terms of its three main domains, i.e., social perception, social understanding, and decision-making in the social context.

Is cognitive therapy better than behavioral therapy? ›

The authors' conclusions appeared to be that CBT was more effective than alternative therapies, particularly psychodynamic therapy, for some outcomes up to one year after treatment in patients with anxiety and depressive disorders.

What is the ACT technique? ›

Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT therapy) is a type of mindful psychotherapy that helps you stay focused on the present moment and accept thoughts and feelings without judgment. It aims to help you move forward through difficult emotions so you can put your energy into healing instead of dwelling on the negative.

Is metacognitive therapy a form of CBT? ›

Metacognitive therapy differs from CBT in targeting specific psychological processes that are involved in the control of thinking thus enabling patients to free themselves from rumination and worry; cognitive processes central to depression. Small studies have examined the effects associated with MCT in depression.

What is psychoeducation example? ›

All of the following may constitute psychoeducation: A therapist explaining to a person in therapy the ways a mental health condition might impact function. A psychiatrist describing how a prescribed medication can counteract symptoms of a mental health condition.

What are psychoeducation techniques? ›

Offering psychoeducation to clients typically comprises four components: Giving a client information about their illness or problem. Developing problem-solving skills. Developing communication skills. Assertiveness training.

How can I improve my mental health literacy? ›

There are four categories of interventions to improve mental health literacy: whole-of-community campaigns; community campaigns aimed at a youth audience; school-based interventions teaching help-seeking skills, mental health literacy, or resilience; and programs training individuals to better intervene in a mental ...

What is cognitive remediation therapy schizophrenia? ›

Cognitive Remediation in Schizophrenia: Definition, Methods, and Techniques. Cognitive rehabilitation has been defined as “the therapeutic process of increasing or improving an individual's capacity to process and use incoming information so as to allow increased functioning in everyday life.

What is CRT in mental health? ›

Cognitive remediation therapy (CRT) as a treatment enhancer of eating disorders and obsessive compulsive disorders: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial - PMC.

Who does cognitive rehabilitation? ›

Many different healthcare professionals may use this type of therapy, including psychotherapists, speech-language pathologists (SLPs), physical therapists, neurofeedback practitioners, and occupational therapists. There are two different approaches to CRT: restorative and compensatory.

What is remediation in psychology? ›

Cognitive remediation therapy (CRT) is a set of techniques designed to teach 'thinking skills' and can be thought of as a form of cognitive rehabilitation. It involves training in a set of tasks designed to improve cognitive abilities and social functioning.

What is the first line treatment for schizophrenia? ›

Antipsychotic medications are the first-line medication treatment for schizophrenia. They have been shown in clinical trials to be effective in treating symptoms and behaviors associated with the disorder. However, antipsychotic medications have significant side effects.

Does exercise help with schizophrenia? ›

Recent studies have found that physical exercise may be the ideal addition to a typical treatment plan. Along with its known health benefits for all people, aerobic activity has been shown to boost cognitive ability, enhance emotional intelligence, and improve quality of life for people with schizophrenia.

How does schizophrenia improve cognitive function? ›

Summary: Brain stimulation could be used to treat cognitive deficits frequently associated with schizophrenia, according to a new study. Brain stimulation could be used to treat cognitive deficits frequently associated with schizophrenia, according to a new study from King's College London.


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