Classifying iron and steel for import and export (2023)

Primary materials: products in granular or powder forms

Heading 7201

Pig iron, which can be made of alloy or non-alloy pig iron, is included under heading 7201. This can be:

  • in the form of pigs, blocks or lumps (broken or unbroken)
  • in the molten state
  • brittle and unworkable (spiegeleisen is generally obtained directly from ores, despite often being described as a ferro-alloy)

Heading 7202

Ferro-alloys are included under heading 7202. They can be:

  • in the form of pigs, blocks, lumps or similar primary forms
  • in granules, powder or other forms obtained by continuous casting (such as billets)
  • previously reduced to granules or powders and made into briquettes, cylinders, thin slabs or other forms (using cement, other binders or exothermic additives)

The following products are excluded:

  • ferro-uranium
  • ferro-cerium and other pyrophoric ferrous alloys in all forms (heading 3606)
  • ferro-nickels or ferro-nickel chromes that are malleable and not normally used as ‘addition materials’ in iron and steel metallurgy (heading 7218 to 7229 or chapter 75)

Heading 7203

The following products are included:

  • ferrous products obtained by direct reduction of iron ore and other spongy ferrous products
  • iron and steel products produced by reducing the ore without fusion (direct reduction), when in the form of briquettes or pellets
  • very pure iron, having an impurity content of no more than 0.06%

Products made of concentrated ores (heading 2601) are excluded from heading 7202.

Heading 7204

Ferrous waste and scrap, generally used for the recovery of metal by remelting, or for the manufacture of chemicals, are included.

They result from the manufacture or mechanical workings of metals and metal goods not usable due to breakage, cutting up, wear or other reasons.

They take the form of:

  • crop ends, filings and turnings (shearing or flame-cutting) of heavy and long pieces
  • bales, compressed by the fragmentation or shredding of vehicle bodies
  • briquettes of iron and steel filings and turnings (made by crushing or agglomeration)
  • broken up, old iron articles
  • remelted scrap ingots, such as pigs with obvious surface faults that do not comply with the chemical composition of pig iron

Heading 7205

The following products are included:

  • granules where:
    • less than 90% (by weight) passes through a sieve with a mesh aperture of 1mm
    • 90% or more (by weight) passes through a sieve with a mesh aperture of 5mm
    • they include shot (usually round in shape) or angular grits
  • wire pellets produced by cutting iron or steel wire
  • powders (of pig iron, spiegeleisen, iron or steel) suitable for compacting or agglomeration, of which 90% or more (by weight) passes through a sieve with a mesh aperture of 1mm

The following products are excluded:

  • radioactive iron powder (isotopes) (heading 2844)
  • iron powders presented as medicaments (heading 3003 or 3004)
  • granules and powders of ferro-alloys (heading 7202)
  • waste filings and turnings of iron or steel (heading 7204)
  • small defective ball bearings (heading 7326)

Iron and non-alloy steel

Heading 7206

Ingots of metal made by casting the liquid metallic contents of a furnace or crucible into open metallic moulds are included.

Ingots are the raw material for the metal working process, they can come in:

(Video) HS Code in Logistics. Export & Import shipping process with HS Code List/Chapter/Heading/Sub Heading

  • blocks
  • lumps
  • puddled bars
  • pilings

The following products are excluded:

  • remelting scrap ingots (heading 7204)
  • products obtained by continuous casting (heading 7207)
  • iron (heading 7203)

Heading 7207

Semi-finished products (that may not be in coils) are included if they are:

  • continuously cast products of solid section (whether subjected to primary hot rolling)
  • other products of solid section that have not been further worked (other than being subjected to primary hot rolling or roughly shaped by forging) — this includes blanks for angles, shapes or sections

These products include:

  • blooms and billets used for re-rolling to bars, rods, angles, shapes and sections, or for the manufacture of forgings
  • rounds used for the manufacture of seamless-steel tubes
  • slabs and sheet bars — rectangular in section, with widths greater than their thickness

Headings 7208 to 7210

The following products are included:

  • flat-rolled products of any size (other than rectangular or square), with a width of 600 millimetres or more — provided they do not assume the character of articles in other headings
  • flat-rolled products which may be subject to surface treatment (classified under heading 7208)
  • corrugated flat-rolled products (classified under heading 7208)
  • alloy steel (defined as steel with additional metals) made by smelting mixed ores that are either added with the steel in the furnace, or in the molten bath near the end of the finishing period

Ribbed products with an angular profile are excluded and are classified under heading 7216.

Headings 7211 to 7212

Flat-rolled products of any size (other than rectangular or square) are included if they have:

  • a width of no more than 600 millimetres
  • the same characteristics as outlined under 7208 to 7210

Headings 7213 to 7215

Bar and rods are included. Heading 7213 covers those hot rolled in irregularly wound coils.

Heading 7216

Angles and shapes are classified under heading 7216 and:

  • usually have capital omega, obtuse, acute and right L angles
  • can have square or rounded corners
  • can have equal or unequal limbs
  • have edges that may or may not be bulbed

Heading 7217

Wire (plated and non-plated) is included.

Stainless steel

Heading 7218

The following products are included:

  • ingots and other primary forms
  • semi-finished products

Heading 7219

Flat rolled products with a width 600 millimetres or more are included.

Products may be:

  • hot or cold rolled (in coils or not in coils)
  • surface treated
  • clad

Heading 7220

Flat rolled products with a width less than 600 millimetres are included.

(Video) HTSUS Classification

Products may be:

  • hot or cold rolled
  • surface treated
  • clad

Heading 7221

Bars and rods (hot rolled and in irregular coils) are included.

Heading 7222

Bars and rods (not included under heading 7221) that are hot or cold rolled are included.

Angles, shapes or sections are included if they are:

  • hot rolled
  • hot extruded
  • hot drawn
  • cold formed (or cold finished)

Heading 7223

Wire is included.

Other alloy steel

Heading 7224

The following products are included:

  • ingots and other primary forms
  • semi-finished products

Heading 7225

Flat rolled products with a width 600 millimetres or more are included.

Products may be:

  • hot or cold rolled (in coils or not in coils)
  • surface treated
  • clad

Heading 7226

Flat rolled products with a width less than 600 millimetres are included.

Products may be:

  • hot or cold rolled
  • surface treated
  • clad

Heading 7227

Bars and rods (hot rolled and in irregular coils) are included.

Heading 7228

The following products are included:

  • bars and rods (not included under heading 7227) that are hot or cold rolled
  • angles, shapes or sections are included if they are:
    • hot rolled
    • hot extruded
    • hot drawn
    • cold formed (or cold finished)
  • hollow drill bars or rods of alloy or non-alloy steel

Spheroidal graphite cast iron

Spheroidal graphite cast iron is classified as ‘Other cast articles of other iron’ under subheading 7325 99 90.

(Video) Customs 101: A novice's guide to classification

It’s not classified as non-malleable cast iron (under 7325 10 00) because it’s deformable under:

  • tensile stress
  • compressive stress (to a certain degree)

It’s not classified as malleable cast iron under 7325 99 10. Code 7325 99 10 60 covers spheroidal graphite cast iron (also known as ductile cast iron), and parts thereof, of a kind used to:

  • cover ground or sub-surfaces systems, or openings to ground or sub-surface systems
  • give access to ground or sub-surface systems, or provide view to ground or sub-surface systems

This is because it differs in terms of its composition and method of production. Malleable cast iron under pressure or hammering can easily spread and flatten.

Iron and steel processes and terms

Forging is a process where metal is formed into a shape by heat and pressure.

Hot-drop forging and drop stamping is the production of metal shapes or sections by hot shaping cut blanks in dies.

Wire drawing is a cold process in which bars or rods (in irregularly wound coils) are drawn through one or more dies at high speed to obtain coiled wire of a smaller diameter.

Bright drawing is a cold process in which bars or rods are drawn at slow speed through one or more dies to obtain products of smaller or different shaped sections.

Hot drawing is a process where metal is heated and passed through a die to produce the finished shape.

Rolled or obtained by continuous casting means a process that casts molten steel directly into semi-finished shapes.

Hot extrusion is a process consisting of enclosing a piece of metal heated to forging temperature (approximately 360 to 520 degrees Celsius) in a chamber. High pressure is applied to the metal which is then forced through a die.

Cold extrusion is a similar process as hot extrusion, but with the metal kept at room temperature.

Sintering is a process where compacted metal powder (obtained by moulding) is passed under a burner and ignites. Air drawn through the powder causes any Sulphur or carbon present to oxidise. This causes a partial fusion of the particles in the powder, forming a porous cellular clinker (a sinter).

Closed-die forging is a process where hot metal is shaped within the walls of 2 dies that enclose the work piece.

(Video) HTSUS Classification Webinar

Annealing is the heating of a metal or alloy to a predetermined temperature (below its melting point), maintaining the temperature before cooling slowly.

Pig iron, is an iron-carbon alloy not usefully malleable, containing more than 2% by weight of carbon and which may contain by weight one or more other elements within the following limits:

  • not more than 10% of chromium
  • not more than 6% of manganese
  • not more than 3% of phosphorus
  • not more than 8% of silicon
  • a total of not more than 10% of other elements

Spiegeleisen, is an iron-carbon alloy containing by weight more than 6% but not more than 30% of manganese and otherwise conforming to the specification of pig iron.

Ferro-alloys, are alloys in pigs, blocks, lumps or similar primary forms, in forms obtained by continuous casting and also in granular or powder forms, whether or not agglomerated, commonly used as an additive in the manufacture of other alloys or as de-oxidants, de-sulphurising agents or for similar uses in ferrous metallurgy and generally not usefully malleable, containing by weight 4% or more of the element iron and one or more of the following:

  • more than 10% of chromium
  • more than 30% of manganese
  • more than 3% of phosphorus
  • more than 8% of silicon
  • a total of more than 10% of other elements, excluding carbon, subject to a maximum content of 10% in the case of copper

These may also contain by weight one or more other elements within the following limits:

  • not more than 10% of chromium
  • not more than 6% of manganese
  • not more than 3% of phosphorus
  • not more than 8% of silicon
  • a total of not more than 10% of other elements.

Classes of Steel

Steels can be grouped into one of the 3 classes of chemical composition. These are:

  • stainless steels
  • other alloy steels
  • non-alloy steels

Stainless steel is defined as an alloy steel containing, by weight, 1.2% or less of carbon and 10.5% or more of chromium (with or without other elements).

Other alloy steel is defined as steels not complying with the definition of stainless steel and containing by weight one or more of the following elements in the proportion shown:

  • 0.3% or more of aluminium
  • 0.0008% or more of boron
  • 0.3% or more of chromium
  • 0.3% or more of cobalt
  • 0.4% or more of copper
  • 0.4% or more of lead
  • 1.65% or more of manganese
  • 0.08% or more of molybdenum
  • 0.3% or more of nickel
  • 0.06% or more of niobium
  • 0.6% or more of silicon
  • 0.05% or more of titanium
  • 0.3% or more of tungsten (wolfram)
  • 0.1% or more of vanadium
  • 0.05% or more of zirconium
  • 0.1% or more of other elements (except sulphur, phosphorus, carbon and nitrogen), taken separately

If none of these criteria apply, then such steel is considered as a non-alloy steel.

For more information, see the chapter notes to chapter 72 in the Tariff.

More information

If this guidance does not cover your specific item in detail and you’re importing goods into Great Britain, you can search for it in the Online Trade Tariff.

If you’re importing goods into Northern Ireland from outside the UK, and the EU and the goods are not ‘at risk’ of onward movement to the EU, you should also use the Online Trade Tariff.

If you’re importing goods into Northern Ireland from outside the UK and the EU, and the goods are at risk of onward movement to the EU, you should use the Northern Ireland (EU) Tariff.

(Video) Export Commodity Classification

If this guidance does cover your item, you’ll still need to look up the full commodity code to use in your declaration on the appropriate tariff.

You can find more ways to help you find a commodity code by referring to the links given in this section.

FAQs

Where do we import iron and steel from? ›

Imports for consumption of steel products to U.S. by origin 2021. In 2021, the U.S. imports for consumption of steel products mostly originated from Canada, reaching close to 8.3 billion U.S. dollars.

What are the classification of customs? ›

Customs classification explained

HTS-code (Harmonised Tariff System) Commodity code. HS-code (Harmonised system)

What is a 10 digit commodity code? ›

The 9 and 10 digit of the commodity code provides additional detail in relation to the goods being declared. Although most Customs Duty rates are set with the first 8 digits they can affect the duty due and measures applied to the goods. This is only used on import declarations.

What is the commodity code for steel? ›

7326 9098 90 - Other articles of iron or steel, Other, Other articles of iron or steel, Other, Other – Taric Support.

Who is the main exporter of steel? ›

While China and Japan are the world's largest steel exporters, the United States and Germany are major importers due to the high consumption rates of their economies. China is the world's largest steel producer and the largest consumer of steel.

What are the five classification of goods? ›

There are four types of products and each is classified based on consumer habits, price, and product characteristics: convenience goods, shopping goods, specialty products, and unsought goods.

What is Rule 5 classification all about? ›

Rule 5, points (a) and (b)

5 (a) is applicable to the classification of cases and containers, specially shaped or fitted to contain a specific article or set of articles, such as cases for musical instruments, binoculars, ornaments. 5 (b) indicates how to classify packing materials supplied with packaged goods.

What is the classification of export? ›

There are two classification types that deal with export compliance: ECCN and USML. Export Control Classification Numbers (ECCN) are found in the Commerce Control List (CCL) of the Export Administration Regulations (EAR).

What is a 2 digit HS? ›

The first two digits (HS-2) identify the chapter the goods are classified in, e.g., 09 = Coffee, Tea, Maté and Spices. The next two digits (HS-4) identify groupings within that chapter, e.g., 09.02 = Tea, whether or not flavoured.

How many digits is HS code in export? ›

HS codes are composed of 6 digits and broken down into: Chapters (first 2 digits), Headings (first 4 digits) and Subheadings (full 6 digits). The HS codes are further subdivided into 7- to 12- digit items depending on the country (also referred to as commodity codes and national tariff lines).

What is customs code number? ›

What are Customs Procedure Codes (CPC)? Put simply, a CPC code (Customs Procedure Code) is your reason for import or export, expressed as either a seven digit number or a six digit number and one letter.

What is the HS code for iron? ›

HS Code 7206 | Harmonized System Code Of IRON AND NON-ALLOY STEEL IN INGOTS OTHER PRIMARY FORMS (EXCLUDING IRON OF HEADING 7203)

What is the HS code for iron ore? ›

HS Code 26011150 | Harmonized System Code Iron Ore Concentrates.

What commodities are in steel? ›

The commodity steel is a much used alloy consisting mostly of iron. It usually has a carbon content between 0,2% and 2,1% by weight, depending on the grade of the steel. While carbon is the most common material to alloy with iron, various other elements are used: tungsten, vanadium, chromium and manganese.

Who is the largest importer of steel? ›

In 2020, China was the leading steel importer with some 37.9 million metric tons imported in the region.
...
World leading steel importers in 2020, by country (in million metric tons)
CharacteristicSteel import in million metric tons
--
12 more rows
12 Apr 2022

Who imports the most iron? ›

Iron Ore Imports by Country
  • China: US$173.6 billion (70.1% of total imported iron ore)
  • Japan: $18 billion (7.3%)
  • South Korea: $12.1 billion (4.9%)
  • Germany: $6.9 billion (2.8%)
  • Taiwan: $4.2 billion (1.7%)
  • France: $2.4 billion (1%)
  • Bahrain: $2.2 billion (0.9%)
  • Turkey: $2.05 billion (0.8%)
17 Oct 2022

Which country import the most iron? ›

China's

Which country is famous for steel? ›

Today, China is the largest producer of steel.

China is also the world's largest consumer of steel. China surpassed all goals and reached a staggering 808.4 million metric tons of crude steel in 2016. China exports 106.6 million metric tons and witnessed an unimaginable growth of 364% since 2009.

Which country is best for steel? ›

The Top 10 Steel Producing Countries In The World
RankCountry/Region2015 (Crude steel production (million metric tons)
1People's Republic of China803.83
2Japan105.15
3India89.58
4United States78.92
6 more rows

What percentage of steel is imported? ›

Washington, D.C. – Based on revised Census Bureau data, the American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI) reported today that the U.S. imported a total of 31,476,000 net tons (NT) of steel in 2021, including 22,770,000 NT of finished steel. These totals represent increases of 43.0% and 41.0% respectively, vs. 2020.

What are the 2 classification of goods? ›

Goods or products are classified as either consumer goods or industrial goods. Consumer goods are produced for the personal use of the ultimate consumer, while industrial goods are produced for industrial purposes.

What are the 2 classification of product? ›

There are two (2) main categories of products; Consumer Products and Business Products. Consumer products are sold to individuals to satisfy personal or family needs. Business products are sold to businesses to satisfy their needs or bought by a form to make into other products.

Why is it important to classify products? ›

Product classification is a marketing and business term that categorizes products based on how and why consumers purchase them. These distinctions can change the way companies market their products and affect other aspects of sales, such as pricing and distribution.

What are the 4 classification procedures? ›

Typically, there are four classifications for data: public, internal-only, confidential, and restricted. Let's look at examples for each of those.

What are the three principles of classification? ›

So, in each classification one always distinguishes: 1) guiding principles; 2) properties; and 3) diagnostic characteristics.

What is the standard rule of classification? ›

Given a population whose members each belong to one of a number of different sets or classes, a classification rule or classifier is a procedure by which the elements of the population set are each predicted to belong to one of the classes.

What is import and export classification? ›

Exports are classified using Schedule B and imports are classified with the Harmonized Tariff Schedules (HTS).

What are the types of import and export? ›

1) Free Importation: Goods traded in the international market are not regulated or prohibited. 2) Regulated Importation: Government regulatory agencies regulate the goods imported and exported in the country. 3) Restricted Importation: Goods are only allowed in the particular condition instructed by the CMTA.

What are the three classification of international trade? ›

So, in this blog, we'll discuss the 3 different types of international trade – Export Trade, Import Trade and Entrepot Trade.

How many types of HS codes are there? ›

How many Harmonized System (HS) shipping codes are there? There are approximately in circulation 5,300 HS codes that identify export goods that are broken down into headings along with subheadings. They are also arranged into 99 different chapters around with being grouped into 21 sections.

Who created HS code? ›

The Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System generally referred to as "Harmonized System" or simply "HS" is a multipurpose international product nomenclature developed by the World Customs Organization (WCO).

Who invented HS code? ›

HS code description and coding System was created by the World Customs Organization (WCO) to categorize goods into approximately 5,000 commodity groups, which is accepted and implementing by more than 200 countries worldwide.

How do I find my HS tariff classification number? ›

One of the common ways to find an HTS code, particularly if you're set on doing the work yourself, is to use USA Customs Clearance's HTS code lookup tool. You can input an item or keyword into the search bar and the tool will pull up a list of potential matches and their corresponding codes.

What are HS import codes? ›

Among industry classification systems, Harmonized System (HS) Codes are commonly used throughout the export process for goods. The Harmonized System is a standardized numerical method of classifying traded products.

How do you read a HS code? ›

A 10-digit code that categorizes each imported good. The first six digits are an HS code. The subsequent two digits identify the US subheading of the HS code to determine the duty rate, while the final two digits are a statistical suffix.

What are the 3 types of customs procedures? ›

  • Inward Processing.
  • End Use.
  • Outward Processing.
  • Customs Warehouse.
  • Special Procedures.
  • Temporary Admission.
7 Oct 2021

What is HS code in export? ›

The Harmonized System (HS) code is a standardized numerical method to classify export trade products by customs authorities around the world. Administrated by the World Customs Organization (WCO), this code is important for exports. In this blog, understand the advantages of HS code and process to obtain it.

What is an export code? ›

Export codes, also known as Schedule B numbers, are administered by the U.S. Census Bureau. All import and export codes used by the United States are based on the Harmonized System (HS). The HS assigns 6-digit codes for general categories. This 6-digit code is known as the Harmonized System number.

What is HS code and how it works? ›

HS codes are developed by the World Customs Organization (WCO). They identify product categories and products with a standardized two- to six-digit nomenclature. The first two digits of the code indicate the product category. The next four to six digits indicate the subcategories the product fits into.

What is the HSN code 7325? ›

Articles of non-malleable cast iron, n.e.s.

What is the HS code for stainless steel? ›

HS Code 73259930 | Harmonized System Code Of Stainless Steel.

What is HS country code? ›

HS codes usually contain ten digits but can be seven to twelve digits long. The first six digits are global and based on the Harmonized System. The last one through six digits are determined by the country into which the product is being imported, based on their system.

What is HS code for import India? ›

Similarly, in India, goods for export and import have an eight-digit code called an ITC (HS) code, where ITC stands for Indian Trade Classification and/or Indian Tariff Code. This system has two schedules – Schedule I for imports and Schedule II for exports. Schedule I has 21 sections and 98 chapters.

What is agglomeration of iron ore? ›

Basically there are two main methods of agglomeration of iron ore fines, depending on the size and chemical composition, they are, Sintering and Pelletisation. Blast furnace productivity has gained momentum over the years with utilisation of. higher and higher proportions of quality agglomerates in the burden.

What are the 5 types of steel? ›

The Different Classifications Of Steel
  • Carbon steel.
  • Manganese steel.
  • Nickel steel.
  • Nickel-chromium steel.
  • Carbon-molybdenum steel.
  • Other grades based on the presence or combinations of various elements including chromium, nickel, molybdenum, carbon, vanadium, silicon and/or manganese.

What are the 4 categories of steels? ›

Authorities grade and categorize steel types into four groups—Carbon, Alloy, Stainless, and Tool.

Where do we import iron from? ›

Searchable List of Iron Ore Importing Countries in 2021
RankImporter2020-1
1.China+46%
2.Japan+86.9%
3.South Korea+74.3%
4.Germany+89%
6 more rows
8 Jun 2022

Where does South Africa import iron and steel from? ›

South Africa Imports from China of Articles of iron or steel was US$538.16 Million during 2021, according to the United Nations COMTRADE database on international trade. South Africa Imports from China of Articles of iron or steel - data, historical chart and statistics - was last updated on October of 2022.

Where does the US get iron from? ›

US iron ore mining is dominated by the Precambrian banded iron formation deposits around Lake Superior, in Minnesota and Michigan; such deposits were also formerly mined in Wisconsin. For the past 50 years, more than 90 percent of US iron ore production has been mined from the Lake Superior deposits.

Where do the UK get steel from? ›

Germany was the largest export country of iron and steel products to the United Kingdom. In 2020, approximately 380 million British pounds worth of these items were bought from German manufacturers. Following Germany, Belgium and Spain ranked second and third, respectively.

How much steel do we import? ›

Washington, D.C. – Based on revised Census Bureau data, the American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI) reported today that the U.S. imported a total of 31,476,000 net tons (NT) of steel in 2021, including 22,770,000 NT of finished steel. These totals represent increases of 43.0% and 41.0% respectively, vs.

Which country is the largest importer of steel? ›

In 2020, China was the leading steel importer with some 37.9 million metric tons imported in the region.
...
World leading steel importers in 2020, by country (in million metric tons)
CharacteristicSteel import in million metric tons
--
12 more rows
12 Apr 2022

Which country is the largest importer of iron? ›

In 2019, China's iron ore imports amounted to 1.07 billion metric tons. The world's second largest importer of iron ore that year was Japan, with a distant 119.6 million metric tons imported.
...
Leading iron ore importing countries in 2019 (in million metric tons)
CharacteristicImports in million metric tons
--
9 more rows
18 Mar 2022

Which country in Africa is the largest producer of steel? ›

Dinson Iron and Steel Company, a subsidiary of the Chinese steel producer Tsingshan Holdings is constructing Africa's largest integrated steel-manufacturing plant In Zimbabwe with the potential to produce 1.2 million tons of iron and steel per annum when at full throttle.

How much steel does SA import? ›

Total yearly South African crude steel production capacity is estimated to be about 8.5-million tonnes, but the report calculates the effective rate to be closer to 6.5-million tonnes.
...
South Africa imported record volumes of steel in 2021, new report shows.
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1 more row
29 Jun 2022

Does South Africa export iron and steel? ›

South Africa Exports of iron and steel was US$3.98 Billion during 2020, according to the United Nations COMTRADE database on international trade. South Africa Exports of iron and steel - data, historical chart and statistics - was last updated on October of 2022.

Which country is best for iron? ›

Australia is the leading global producer of iron ore, accounting for 38% of the total production. The top three iron ore-producing countries accounted for 69% of global production.

What is the ore name of iron? ›

Haematite is the main ore of iron. Its chemical name is 'Iron (III) oxide' and the formula is Fe2O3.

What is the cost of iron? ›

The price of Iron TMT Bar products is between ₹39.3 - ₹70 per Kg during Dec '19 - Sep '22.

Where is the best steel from? ›

The top steel producing countries are China, Japan, India, US, Russia, South Korea, Germany, Brazil, Turkey, and Ukraine.
...
The Top 10 Steel Producing Countries In The World.
RankCountry/Region2015 (Crude steel production (million metric tons)
1People's Republic of China803.83
9 more rows

What is British Steel called? ›

Family investment office Greybull Capital purchased Tata Steel in Europe's Long Products Europe business. This new business, comprised of sections, special profiles and wire rod manufacturing across the UK and rail manufacturing across the UK and France was named British Steel.

What is steel made from? ›

Steel is an alloy of iron and carbon containing less than 2% carbon and 1% manganese and small amounts of silicon, phosphorus, sulphur and oxygen. Steel is the world's most important engineering and construction material.

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